Shiva Tandava Stotram

Shiva Tandava Stotram (रावण कृत शिव ताण्डव स्तोत्रम्)

Shiva Tandava Stotram is a stotra (Hindu hymn) that describes the Hindu God Shiva’s power and beauty. It is traditionally attributed to Ravana, the asura King of Lanka and devotee of Shiva. Both the ninth and tenth quatrains of this hymn conclude with lists of Shiva’s epithets as destroyer, even the destroyer of death itself. Alliteration and onomatopoeia create roiling waves of resounding beauty in this example of Hindu devotional poetry.

In the final quatrain of the poem, after tiring of rampaging across the Earth, Ravana asks, “When will I be happy?” Because of the intensity of his prayers and ascetic meditation, of which this hymn was an example, Ravana received from Shiva powers and a celestial sword.
When Ravana was tired of rampaging across the earth, he returned to Shiva to request moksha, release from the bondage of endless rebirth. Lord Shiva replied that he had granted Ravana the boon of indestructibility. Ravana’s poignant cry in the final quatrain of poetry — “When will I be happy?” is echoed by modern man in his quest for earthly fulfillment and ultimate liberation from its bondage.

He was obsessed with his powers and was egoistic, and to display and prove his powers he was about to move Mount Kailash (the abode of Shiva who was his ancestor God). He managed to lift the mountain but Shiva immediately placed it back just by pressing his toe crushing Ravana’s fingers in the process. That is when Ravana sings “Shiva Tandava Stotra” and he was spared and blessed with chandrahas (moon sword by Shiva) considered one of the most powerful weapons according to in Hindu Sanskriti(cultural belief system).
Watch an excellent video on Shiv Tandav Stotra
courtesy- Uma Mohan and Times Music.

Link to the video-

The stotra is in the Panchachaamara Chhanda. It has 16 syllables per line of the quatrain, with Laghu (short syllable) and Guru (long syllable) characters alternating; the poetic meter is iambic octameter by definition.

Shloka-
जटाटवीगलज्जलप्रवाहपावितस्थले
गलेऽवलम्ब्य लम्बितां भुजङ्गतुङ्गमालिकाम् |
डमड्डमड्डमड्डमन्निनादवड्डमर्वयं
चकार चण्डताण्डवं तनोतु नः शिवः शिवम् ||१||

Hindi Meaning-
जिन शिव जी की सघन जटारूप वन से प्रवाहित हो गंगा जी की धारायं उनके कंठ को प्रक्षालित होती हैं, जिनके गले में बडे एवं लम्बे सर्पों की मालाएं लटक रहीं हैं, तथा जो शिव जी डम-डम डमरू बजा कर प्रचण्ड ताण्डव करते हैं, वे शिवजी हमारा कल्यान करें |

English Meaning-
With his neck, consecrated by the flow of water flowing from the thick forest-like locks of hair, and on the neck, where the lofty snake is hanging like a garland, and the Damaru drum making the sound of Damat Damat Damat Damat, Lord Shiva did the auspicious dance of Tandava and may He shower prosperity on us all.

Shloka-
जटाकटाहसम्भ्रमभ्रमन्निलिम्पनिर्झरी
विलोलवीचिवल्लरीविराजमानमूर्धनि |
धगद्धगद्धगज्ज्वलल्ललाटपट्टपावके
किशोरचन्द्रशेखरे रतिः प्रतिक्षणं मम ||२||

Hindi Meaning-
जिन शिव जी के जटाओं में अतिवेग से विलास पुर्वक भ्रमण कर रही देवी गंगा की लहरे उनके शिश पर लहरा रहीं हैं, जिनके मस्तक पर अग्नि की प्रचण्ड ज्वालायें धधक-धधक करके प्रज्वलित हो रहीं हैं, उन बाल चंद्रमा से विभूषित शिवजी में मेरा अंनुराग प्रतिक्षण बढता रहे।

English Meaning-
I have a very deep interest in Lord Shiva, whose head is glorified by the rows of moving waves of the celestial river Gaṅgā, agitating in the deep well of his hair-locks, and who has the brilliant fire flaming on the surface of his forehead, and who has the crescent moon as a jewel on his head.

Shloka-
धराधरेन्द्रनंदिनीविलासबन्धुबन्धुर
स्फुरद्दिगन्तसन्ततिप्रमोदमानमानसे |
कृपाकटाक्षधोरणीनिरुद्धदुर्धरापदि
क्वचिद्दिगम्बरे(क्वचिच्चिदम्बरे) मनो विनोदमेतु वस्तुनि ||३||


Hindi Meaning-
जो पर्वतराजसुता(पार्वती जी) के विलासमय रमणिय कटाक्षों में परम आनन्दित चित्त रहते हैं, जिनके मस्तक में सम्पूर्ण सृष्टि एवं प्राणीगण वास करते हैं, तथा जिनके कृपादृष्टि मात्र से भक्तों की समस्त विपत्तियां दूर हो जाती हैं, ऐसे दिगम्बर (आकाश को वस्त्र सामान धारण करने वाले) शिवजी की आराधना से मेरा चित्त सर्वदा आन्दित रहे।

English Meaning-
May my mind seek happiness in the Lord Shiva, in whose mind all the living beings of the glorious universe exist, who is the sportive companion of Parvati (daughter of the mountain king), who controls invincible hardships with the flow of his compassionate look, who is all-pervasive (the directions are his clothes).

Shloka-
जटाभुजङ्गपिङ्गलस्फुरत्फणामणिप्रभा
कदम्बकुङ्कुमद्रवप्रलिप्तदिग्वधूमुखे |
मदान्धसिन्धुरस्फुरत्त्वगुत्तरीयमेदुरे
मनो विनोदमद्भुतं बिभर्तु भूतभर्तरि ||४||

Hindi Meaning-
मैं उन शिवजी की भक्ति में आन्दित रहूँ जो सभी प्राणियों के आधार एवं रक्षक हैं, जिनके जाटाओं में लिपटे सर्पों के फण की मणियों के प्रकाश पीले वर्ण प्रभा-समुहरूप के सर के कातिं से दिशाओं को प्रकाशित करते हैं और जो गजचर्म से विभुषित हैं।

English Meaning-
May I seek wonderful pleasure in Lord Shiva, who is supporter of all life, who with his creeping snake with reddish brown hood and with the luster of his gem on it spreading out variegated colors on the beautiful faces of the maidens of directions, who is covered with a glittering upper garment made of the skin of a huge intoxicated elephant.

Shloka-
सहस्रलोचनप्रभृत्यशेषलेखशेखर
प्रसूनधूलिधोरणी विधूसराङ्घ्रिपीठभूः |
भुजङ्गराजमालया निबद्धजाटजूटक
श्रियै चिराय जायतां चकोरबन्धुशेखरः ||५||


Hindi Meaning-
जिन शिव जी का चरण इन्द्र-विष्णु आदि देवताओं के मस्तक के पुष्पों के धूल से रंजित हैं (जिन्हे देवतागण अपने सर के पुष्प अर्पन करते हैं), जिनकी जटा पर लाल सर्प विराजमान है, वो चन्द्रशेखर हमें चिरकाल के लिए सम्पदा दें।

English Meaning-
May Lord Shiva give us prosperity, who has the moon (relative of the Cakora bird) as his head-jewel, whose hair is tied by the red snake-garland, whose foot-stool is grayed by the flow of dust from the flowers from the rows of heads of all the Gods, Indra/Vishnu and others

Shloka-
ललाटचत्वरज्वलद्धनञ्जयस्फुलिङ्गभा
निपीतपञ्चसायकं नमन्निलिम्पनायकम् |
सुधामयूखलेखया विराजमानशेखरं
महाकपालिसम्पदेशिरोजटालमस्तु नः ||६||


Hindi Meaning-
जिन शिव जी ने इन्द्रादि देवताओं का गर्व दहन करते हुए, कामदेव को अपने विशाल मस्तक की अग्नि ज्वाला से भस्म कर दिया, तथा जो सभि देवों द्वारा पुज्य हैं, तथा चन्द्रमा और गंगा द्वारा सुशोभित हैं, वे मुझे सिद्दी प्रदान करें।

English Meaning-
May we get the wealth of Siddhis from Shiva’s locks of hair, which devoured the God of Love with the sparks of the fire flaming in His forehead, who is bowed by all the celestial leaders, who is beautiful with a crescent moon

Shloka-
करालभालपट्टिकाधगद्धगद्धगज्ज्वल
द्धनञ्जयाहुतीकृतप्रचण्डपञ्चसायके |
धराधरेन्द्रनन्दिनीकुचाग्रचित्रपत्रक
प्रकल्पनैकशिल्पिनि त्रिलोचने रतिर्मम ||७||


Hindi meaning-
जिनके मस्तक से धक-धक करती प्रचण्ड ज्वाला ने कामदेव को भस्म कर दिया तथा जो शिव पार्वती जी के सामने चित्रकारी करने में अति चतुर है ( यहाँ पार्वती प्रकृति हैं, तथा चित्रकारी सृजन है), उन शिव जी में मेरी प्रीति अटल हो।

English Meaning-
My interest is in Lord Shiva, who has three eyes, who has offered the powerful God of Love into the fire, flaming Dhagad Dhagad on the flat surface of his forehead, and who is the one expert artist of creation accompanied by Parvati, the daughter of the mountain king.

Shloka-
नवीनमेघमण्डली निरुद्धदुर्धरस्फुरत्
कुहूनिशीथिनीतमः प्रबन्धबद्धकन्धरः |
निलिम्पनिर्झरीधरस्तनोतु कृत्तिसिन्धुरः
कलानिधानबन्धुरः श्रियं जगद्धुरंधरः ||८||


Hindi Meaning-
जिनका कण्ठ नवीन मेंघों की घटाओं से परिपूर्ण आमवस्या की रात्रि के सामान काला है, जो कि गज-चर्म, गंगा एवं बाल-चन्द्र द्वारा शोभायमान हैं तथा जो कि जगत का बोझ धारण करने वाले हैं, वे शिव जी हमे सभि प्रकार की सम्पनता प्रदान करें।

English Meaning-
May Lord Shiva give us prosperity, who bears the burden of this universe, who is lovely with the moon, who is red wearing the skin, who has the celestial river Ganga, whose neck is dark as midnight of new moon night covered by many layers of clouds.

Shloka-
प्रफुल्लनीलपङ्कजप्रपञ्चकालिमप्रभा
वलम्बिकण्ठकन्दलीरुचिप्रबद्धकन्धरम् |
स्मरच्छिदं पुरच्छिदं भवच्छिदं मखच्छिदं
गजच्छिदांधकच्छिदं तमन्तकच्छिदं भजे ||९||


Hindi Meaning-
जिनका कण्ठ और कन्धा पूर्ण खिले हुए नीलकमल की फैली हुई सुन्दर श्याम प्रभा से विभुषित है, जो कामदेव और त्रिपुरासुर के विनाशक, संसार के दु:खो के काटने वाले, दक्षयज्ञ विनाशक, गजासुर एवं अन्धकासुर के संहारक हैं तथा जो मृत्यू को वश में करने वाले हैं, मैं उन शिव जी को भजता हूँ |

English meaning-
I pray to Lord Shiva, whose neck is tied with the luster of the temples hanging on the neck with the glory of the fully bloomed blue lotuses which looked like the blackness (sins) of the universe, who is the killer of Manmatha, who destroyed Tripuras, who destroyed the bonds of worldly life, who destroyed the sacrifice, who destroyed the demon Andhaka, the destroyer of the elephants, and who controlled the God of death, Yama

Shloka-
अखर्व(अगर्व) सर्वमङ्गलाकलाकदम्बमञ्जरी
रसप्रवाहमाधुरी विजृम्भणामधुव्रतम् |
स्मरान्तकं पुरान्तकं भवान्तकं मखान्तकं
गजान्तकान्धकान्तकं तमन्तकान्तकं भजे ||१०||


Hindi Meaning-
जो कल्यानमय, अविनाशि, समस्त कलाओं के रस का अस्वादन करने वाले हैं, जो कामदेव को भस्म करने वाले हैं, त्रिपुरासुर, गजासुर, अन्धकासुर के सहांरक, दक्षयज्ञविध्वसंक तथा स्वयं यमराज के लिए भी यमस्वरूप हैं, मैं उन शिव जी को भजता हूँ।

English Meaning-
I pray to Lord Shiva, who has bees flying all over because of the sweet honey from the beautiful bunch of auspicious Kadamba flowers, who is the killer of Manmatha, who destroyed Tripuras, who destroyed the bonds of worldly life, who destroyed the sacrifice, who destroyed the demon Andhaka, the killer of the elephants, and who controlled the God of death, Yama.

Shloka-
जयत्वदभ्रविभ्रमभ्रमद्भुजङ्गमश्वस
द्विनिर्गमत्क्रमस्फुरत्करालभालहव्यवाट् |
धिमिद्धिमिद्धिमिध्वनन्मृदङ्गतुङ्गमङ्गल
ध्वनिक्रमप्रवर्तित प्रचण्डताण्डवः शिवः ||११||


Hindi Meaning-
अतयंत वेग से भ्रमण कर रहे सर्पों के फूफकार से क्रमश: ललाट में बढी हूई प्रचंण अग्नि के मध्य मृदंग की मंगलकारी उच्च धिम-धिम की ध्वनि के साथ ताण्डव नृत्य में लीन शिव जी सर्व प्रकार सुशोभित हो रहे हैं।

English meaning-
Lord Shiva, whose dance of Tāṇḍava is in tune with the series of loud sounds of drum making Dhimid Dhimid sounds, who has the fire on the great forehead, the fire that is spreading out because of the breath of the snake wandering in whirling motion in the glorious sky

Shloka-
दृषद्विचित्रतल्पयोर्भुजङ्गमौक्तिकस्रजोर्
गरिष्ठरत्नलोष्ठयोः सुहृद्विपक्षपक्षयोः |
तृणारविन्दचक्षुषोः प्रजामहीमहेन्द्रयोः
समं प्रव्रितिक: कदा सदाशिवं भजाम्यहम ||१२||


Hindi Meaning-
कठोर पत्थर एवं कोमल शय्या, सर्प एवं मोतियों की मालाओं, बहुमूल्य रत्न एवं मिट्टी के टूकडों, शत्रू एवं मित्रों, राजाओं तथा प्रजाओं, तिनकों तथा कमलों पर सामान दृष्टि रखने वाले शिव को मैं भजता हूँ।

English Meaning-
When will I worship Lord SadāShiva (eternally auspicious) God, with equal vision towards the people and an emperor, and a blade of grass and lotus-like eye, towards both friends and enemies, towards the valuable gem and some lump of dirt, towards a snake and a garland and towards varied ways of the world.

Shloka-
कदा निलिम्पनिर्झरीनिकुञ्जकोटरे वसन्
विमुक्तदुर्मतिः सदा शिरः स्थमञ्जलिं वहन् |
विमुक्तलोललोचनो ललामभाललग्नकः
शिवेति मंत्रमुच्चरन् कदा सुखी भवाम्यहम् ||१३||


Hindi Meaning-
कब मैं गंगा जी के कछारगुञ में निवास करता हुआ, निष्कपट हो, सिर पर अंजली धारण कर चंचल नेत्रों तथा ललाट वाले शिव जी का मंत्रोच्चार करते हुए अक्षय सुख को प्राप्त करूंगा।

English Meaning-
When will I be happy, living in the hollow place near the celestial river, Ganga, carrying the folded hands on my head all the time, with my bad thinking washed away, and uttering the mantra of Lord Shiva and devoted in the God with glorious forehead with vibrating eyes.

Shloka-
निलिम्प नाथनागरी कदम्ब मौलमल्लिका-
निगुम्फनिर्भक्षरन्म धूष्णिकामनोहरः ।
तनोतु नो मनोमुदं विनोदिनींमहनिशं
परिश्रय परं पदं तदङ्गजत्विषां चयः ॥१४॥


Hindi Meaning-
देवांगनाओं के सिर में गूंथे पुष्पों की मालाओं के झड़ते हुए सुगंधमय पराग से मनोहर, परम शोभा के धाम महादेवजी के अंगों की सुंदरताएं परमानंद युक्त हमारे मन की प्रसन्नता को सर्वदा बढ़ाती रहें |


English Meaning-
Divine beauty of different parts of Lord Shiva which are enlightened by fragrance of the flowers decorating the twisted hair locks of angels may always bless us with happiness and pleasure

Shloka-
प्रचण्ड वाडवानल प्रभाशुभप्रचारणी
महाष्टसिद्धिकामिनी जनावहूत जल्पना ।
विमुक्त वाम लोचनो विवाहकालिकध्वनिः
शिवेति मन्त्रभूषगो जगज्जयाय जायताम् ॥१५॥


Hindi Meaning-
प्रचण्ड बड़वानल की भांति पापों को भस्म करने में स्त्री स्वरूपिणी अणिमादिक अष्ट महासिद्धियों तथा चंचल नेत्रों वाली देवकन्याओं से शिव विवाह समय में गान की गई मंगलध्वनि सब मंत्रों में परमश्रेष्ठ शिव मंत्र से पूरित, सांसारिक दुःखों को नष्ट कर विजय पाएं |

English Meaning-
The Shakti (energy) which is capable of burning all the sins and spreading welfare of all and the pleasant sound produced by angels during enchanting the pious Shiv mantra at the time of Shiv-Parvati Vivah may win over & destroy all the sufferings of the world.

Shloka-
इमं हि नित्यमेवमुक्तमुत्तमोत्तमं स्तवं
पठन्स्मरन्ब्रुवन्नरो विशुद्धिमेतिसंततम् |
हरे गुरौ सुभक्तिमाशु याति नान्यथा गतिं
विमोहनं हि देहिनां सुशङ्करस्य चिंतनम् ||१६||


Hindi Meaning-
इस उत्त्मोत्त्म शिव ताण्डव स्त्रोत को नित्य पढने या श्रवण करने मात्र से प्राणि पवित्र हो, परंगुरू शिव में स्थापित हो जाता है तथा सभी प्रकार के भ्रमों से मुक्त हो जाता है।

English Meaning-
Whoever reads, remembers and says this best stotra as it is said here, gets purified for ever, and obtains devotion in the great Guru Shiva. For this devotion, there is no other way. Just the mere thought of Lord Shiva indeed removes the delusion

Shloka-
पूजावसानसमये दशवक्त्रगीतं
यः शम्भुपूजनपरं पठति प्रदोषे |
तस्य स्थिरां रथगजेन्द्रतुरङ्गयुक्तां
लक्ष्मीं सदैव सुमुखिं प्रददाति शम्भुः ||१७||


Hindi Meaning-
शिवपुजन के अंत में इस रावणकृत शिवताण्डवस्तोत्र के गान से लक्ष्मी स्थिर रहती हैं तथा भक्त रथ, गज, घोडा आदि सम्पदा से सर्वदा युक्त रहता है।

English Meaning-
In the evening, after sunset, at the end of Puja, whoever utters this stotra for 10 times sung by the one with the ten heads (Rāvaṇa), which is dedicated to the worship of Shiva, Lord Shiva will indeed bless him with great Lakṣmī (prosperity) with all the richness of chariots, elephants and horses

इति श्रीरावण-कृतम्
शिव-ताण्डव-स्तोत्रम्
सम्पूर्णम्


Hindi meaning-
श्रीरावण-कृत शिव-ताण्डव-स्तोत्रम् इति

English Meaning-
Thus ends the Śiva-Tāṇḍava Stotra written by Śrī Rāvaṇa.


2 thoughts on “Shiva Tandava Stotram

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